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27 Juni 2013


In naval warfare, a "fleet in being" is a naval force that extends a controlling influence without ever leaving port. Were the fleet to leave port and face the enemy, it might lose in battle and no longer influence the enemy's actions, but while it remains safely in port, the enemy is forced to continually deploy forces to guard against it. A "fleet in being" can be part of a sea denial  doctrine, but not one of sea control.

12 Juni 2013



Hastha Brata,  atau Delapan Sifat-Sifat Utama Kepemimpinan tercantum di Kitab Ramayana sebagai ajaran Sri Ramawijaya  kepada Barata yang ditunjuk menggantikannya sebagai Raja.   Sri Ramawijaya juga mengajarkan Hastha Brata kepada Gunawan Wibisana,  ketika penobatan Gunawan Wibisana sebagai Raja Alengka setelah Rahwana dikalahkan.    Hastha Brata juga tercantum di Kitab Mahabarata,  sebagai ajaran Sri Kresna kepada Arjuna.
Di bawah ini penulis berusaha menjabarkan ajaran Hastha Brata secara singkat dan dengan bahasa sederhana.

9 Juni 2013


Peloponnesian War, (431–404 bc),  war fought between the two leading city-states in ancient Greece, A Athens and Sparta. Each stood at the head of alliances that, between them, included nearly every Greek city-state. The fighting engulfed virtually the entire Greek world, and it was properly regarded by  Thucydides,    whose contemporary account of it is considered to be among the world’s finest works of history, as the most momentous war up to that time.

A brief treatment of the Peloponnesian War follows.


As already been known, after the attack to Pearl Harbor, the road was opened for Japan to make invasion to the South, and this was conducted  simultaneously and in high speed. From the month of January to February 1942, almost simultaneously together Japan maneuvered in two battle fields at the same time. 

Its sea force moving through the South China Sea spread the invasion and amphibian landing directly to several targets. Samuel Eliot Morison, the author of The Rising Sun in The Pacific, called the Japan’s maneuver from the South China Sea was just like Western Octopus Maneuver.

2 Juni 2013


Rasionalisme yang dipelopori oleh Rene Descartes  – Bapak Filsafat Modern – pada abad-17 dan kemudian makin dikembangkan oleh Baruch Spinoza, Leibzniz dan tokoh-tokoh filsafat modern lainnya,  pada dasarnya adalah suatu rasionalisme murni.  Rasionalisme yang digelindingkan oleh Descartes mendobrak pemikiran-pemikiran kolot pada zamannya, dan memberi dampak luar biasa dalam bidang pemikiran. 

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