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19 April 2014

SUN TZU, CLAUSEWITZ, A.T.MAHAN, DAN JULIAN CORBETT






Sun Tzu, 
adalah ahli strategi perang yang hidup pada abad-5 Sebelum Masehi. Berkat keahliannya dalam berperang, dia diangkat menjadi Panglima Perang kerajaan Wu di daratan China / Tiongkok, yang waktu itu diperintah oleh Raja Ho Lu. Di bawah pimpinan Sun Tzu,  kerajaan Wu berhasil menundukkan kerajaan-kerajaan di sekitarnya.  Ke arah Barat kerajaan Wu mengalahkan kerajaan Chu,  dan ke arah Utara berhasil menundukkan kerajaan Chi dan Chin. Bagi kerajaan-kerajaan di sekitarnya, serangan-serangan yang dilakukan oleh pasukan Wu yang dipimpin oleh Sun Tzu menimbulkan kekaguman.  Sebagian kerajaan-kerajaan kecil lainnya tunduk kepada kerajaan Wu tanpa mengadakan perlawanan.

14 April 2014

THE SINKING OF THE PRINCE OF WALES BATTLESHIP



 Image from forum.nationstates.net


Force Z is a British naval squadron that consists of two capital ships, which are the battleship HMS Prince of Wales and a battlecruiser HMS Repulse and four accompanying destroyers: HMS Electra, HMS Express, HMS Encounter and the HMS Jupiter.

6 April 2014

CORBETT, CLAUSEWITZ AND SUN TZU


  By Michael I. Handel, Author Master of War
Even the most creative theories in history were not conceived in a vacuum; one way or another, they owe something to the works of others. To describe this intellectual and intuitive process, historian of science I. B. Cohen has developed a concept called “the transformation of ideas,” which reveals how great scientists have used the existing body of knowledge as a basis of or catalyst for their own inspiration.  Scientists such as Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin, for example, either synthesized and combined the work of others, while adding their own ideas, or were heuristically stimulated by existing ideas to develop their own original concepts. The same is true of those whose creative and analytical thought processes have “transformed” the intricacies of strategy—in this case, naval strategy—into an innovative theory or body of work. It is well known that Alfred Thayer Mahan, as he himself made clear, was significantly influenced by Baron de Jomini’s work and that Sir Julian Corbett was equally influenced by Clausewitz’s On War.

4 April 2014

BLACK BUCK OPERATIONS AND ITS PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT






From a strategic point of view, Operation Black Buck demonstrated to Argentina that Britain had both the will and the capability to perform long-range air strikes in the South Atlantic. It also raised the possibility of air-raids on the Argentine mainland. Furthermore, the raids provided an powerful boost to British morale and domestic opinion.



Before the sun rise on April 2, 1982, the Argentinean command troops landed in East Falklands near Port Stanley, attacked and controlled the British mariner base. This surprise attack was conducted by Argentine through the sea and air, and without making any prior war declaration.

13 Maret 2014

WAS THE FALKLANDS CONFLICT OF 1982 CAUSED BY POLITICAL MISCALCULATION ?




Argentine during the 70th decades was consecutively controlled by the military junta administration obtained by the military coup de’tat. The transfer of power from General Jorge Videla to General Roberto Viola, and then taken over by General Leopoldo Galtieri in December 1981, provides not so good image either internationally or domestically in Argentine itself.

3 Maret 2014

WAS THE JAPANESE ATTACK ON PEARL HARBOR A FAILURE ?







The attack on Pearl Harbor  was a surprise military strike  conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii,  on the morning of December 7, 1941.  The attack led to the United States entry into World War II.  .

20 Februari 2014

REMEMBERING THE FALKLANDS WAR



 HMS Cardiff anchored off Port Stanley-by Griffiths911


Britain has today paid homage to its fallen heroes on the 30th anniversary of the day that Argentine forces made an amphibious assault on the Falkland Islands.

18 Desember 2013

SPONTANEOUS GENERATION: PERBEDAAN VERSI ARISTOTELES DAN DARWIN






Hingga awal abad ke-18, generatio spontanea adalah keyakinan umum awam maupun ilmuan mengenai asal usul kehidupan. Mengesankannya banyak penentang evolusi di masa kini justru menyerang ilmuan yang dipandang “masih” mempertahankan generatio spontanea dengan anggapan bahwa ia semata kepercayaan dengan ketiadaan bukti. ( Evy Siscawati, www.faktailmiah.com, 10 Maret 2011 )
Charles Darwin was daydreaming when he wrote that he could visualize "in some warm little pond," with all sorts of salts and electricity, the spontaneous generation of the first living cell. ( Joseph Mastropaolo, Ph.D., Evolution Is Biologically Impossible, www.icr.org )
Mengapa penentang teori Darwin, menolak Teori Generatio Spontanea ?  Jawabannya : bahwa yang ditolak itu adalah generatio spontanea versi Darwin, yaitu bahwa makhluk hidup terbentuk dengan sendirinya - Kemunculan Spontan - dari benda mati dan pada awalnya berupa sel tunggal ( tidak ada campur tangan Tuhan ).  

26 November 2013

PROYEKSI KEKUATAN - POWER PROJECTION








“ The Teams and Staffs through which the modern commander absorbs information and exercices his authority must be a beautifully interlocked,  smooth-working mechanism, ….  Idealy,  the whole should be practically a single mind “  

 ( General Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1944 )


 
Dari berbagai peperangan laut yang terjadi di abad-20,  dari Perang Dunia I dan Perang Dunia II sampai Perang Falklands pada tahun 1982 dan Perang Teluk pada tahun 1991,  diketahui bahwa strategi maritim yang digunakan paling tidak mencakup 6 ( enam ) strategi,  yaitu :  Proyeksi kekuatan ke darat ( Power Projection / Operasi Amfibi ),  Penguasaan Laut ( Command of the Sea ) melalui upaya penghancuran kekuatan utama musuh di laut atau di pangkalan,  Pengendalian Laut ( Sea Control ),  Penangkalan,  Armada Siaga ( Fleet in Being ),  dan Blokade / mencegah penggunaan laut oleh lawan ( Sea Denial ).


16 November 2013

THE FLEET - AND FLEET MARINE FORCE - IN THE 21st CENTURY




The  Fleet—and Fleet Marine Force—in the 21st Century




With end-strength numbers reduced and budgets slashed, the Navy–Marine Corps team must cultivate innovative ways to maintain vital capabilities.

As the nation withdraws from the war in Afghanistan and begins to rebalance its military forces toward the Pacific, the services are being forced to undertake a rigorous assessment of what is necessary in the new security environment. This assessment must be comprehensive: They must take stock not just of their fiscal position but also their physical and political ones. They must realistically assess strengths and weaknesses and prepare a range of affordable responses.

6 Oktober 2013

TOP FIVE NAVAL BATTLES OF ALL TIME





TOP FIVE NAVAL BATTLES OF ALL TIME


Ranking battles by their importance has been a bloodsport among military historians as long as there have been military historians. Creasy's classic Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World (1851) set the standard for the genre.

17 September 2013

MAHAN IS NOT ENOUGH



Understanding the Naval Strategy Process






In September 1992, the Naval War College gathered naval experts from around the world to examine the works of Sir Julian Corbett and Admiral Sir Herbert Richmond in the post-Cold War context.  From the conference papers, the book “Mahan is not Enough “  was published.
 
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